Ligurian High Trebbia Valley
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::Italian version
::Communes of High Ligurian Trebbia Valley
::The High Trebbia Valley
::The Trebbia river
::Medicinal herbs
::The Mount Antola Park
::The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Montebruno
::Museum of Country Culture in the Trebbia Valley
::The "canestrelletti" of Torriglia
::Pentema Crib
::Pictures from the High Ligurian Trebbia Valley
::Pictures from the Trebbia Valley in the Piacenza area
::Old pictures from the Trebbia Valley
::Narcissi bloom in Pian della Cavalla (Horse plain)
::Panoramic pictures
::The Trebbia Valley as seen from the satellite
::Architecture of old constructions in the Trebbia Valley
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Gentian (Gentiana acaulis)

Gentian (Gentiana acaulis)













G. acaulis

Others name: Genzianella (Italian)

Perennial growing to 0.1m by 1m at a slow rate.
Gentian is a perennial plant, growing on acidic soils. Its height is 2 cm and spread is 10 cm or more. The leaves are evergreen, 2-3.5 cm long, in a basal rosette, forming clumps. The trumpet-shaped terminal flowers have a blue colour with olive-green spotted longitudinal throats. They grow on a very short peduncle, 3-6 cm long. The flower stem is often without leaves, or has 1 or 2 pairs of leaves.

Distribution and habitat:
Woodland Garden; Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds.
Gentiana acaulis (often called "stemless gentian" although that may equally apply to G. clusii) is a small gentian native to central and southern Europe from Spain east to the Balkans, growing especially in mountainous regions, such as the Alps, Cevennes and the Pyrenees, at heights of 800 to 3,000 m.

The name of the genus is derived from Gentius, an ancient King of Illyria (180-167 B.C.), who, according to Pliny and Dioscorides, discovered the medicinal value of these plants. During the Middle Ages, Gentian was commonly employed as an antidote to poison. Tragus, in 1552, mentions it as a means of diluting wounds.

Parts used:


Edible Uses:
None known

Medicinal Uses:
Anthelmintic; Antiinflammatory; Antiseptic; Bitter; Cholagogue; Emmenagogue; Febrifuge; Refrigerant; Skin; Stomachic; Tonic.
An infusion of the whole plant is used externally to lighten freckles. This species is one of several species that are the source of the medicinal gentian root, the following notes are based on the general uses of G. lutea which is the most commonly used species in the West. Gentian root has a long history of use as a herbal bitter in the treatment of digestive disorders and is an ingredient of many proprietary medicines. It contains some of the most bitter compounds known and is used as a scientific basis for measuring bitterness. It is especially useful in states of exhaustion from chronic disease and in all cases of debility, weakness of the digestive system and lack of appetite. It is one of the best strengtheners of the human system, stimulating the liver, gall bladder and digestive system, and is an excellent tonic to combine with a purgative in order to prevent its debilitating effects. The root is anthelmintic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, bitter, tonic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, febrifuge, refrigerant, stomachic. It is taken internally in the treatment of liver complaints, indigestion, gastric infections and anorexia. It should not be prescribed for patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use. It is quite likely that the roots of plants that have not flowered are the richest in medicinal properties.

Others Uses:
None known

None known


All information given hereby are only for knowledge purposes. In no way they are intended for self-diagnosis or self-therapy. Only a doctor can suggest you diagnoses and therapies, therefore make contact with your doctor for any medical advice.