Ligurian High Trebbia Valley
           Find out the pure beauty of the Ligurian Trebbia Valley

           through its history, pictures, villages and traditions
::Italian version
::Communes of High Ligurian Trebbia Valley
::The High Trebbia Valley
::The Trebbia river
::Medicinal herbs
::The Mount Antola Park
::The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Montebruno
::Museum of Country Culture in the Trebbia Valley
::The "canestrelletti" of Torriglia
::Pentema Crib
::Pictures from the High Ligurian Trebbia Valley
::Pictures from the Trebbia Valley in the Piacenza area
::Old pictures from the Trebbia Valley
::Narcissi bloom in Pian della Cavalla (Horse plain)
::Panoramic pictures
::The Trebbia Valley as seen from the satellite
::Architecture of old constructions in the Trebbia Valley
..Video of the Ligurian Trebbia Valley
::Video of the Emilian Trebbia Valley
Video of the Boreca Valley
::Useful addresses
::Publications about the Ligurian High Trebbia Valley
::Ligurian High Trebbia Valley links
::Liguria websites links
::Italian villages Turistic websites

The Trebbia Valley Fauna

In Trebbia Valley has seen a gradual faunal repopulation, as well as the whole Apennine area has. The fauna increasing is probably related to the demografic decreasing that has totally decimated the number of human presences, especially in the higher and hardly accessible zones.Proximity to human beings has always been a danger for wild fauna and not only for the  species men hunt. Men have been modifying the territory causing a reduction of the available space for animal wildlife. Also the vegetable coverage has been reduced due to get pastures for cattle, cultivations on slopes exposed to the sun and, possibly high woods instead of coppices. In coppice woods, as well as chestnut and beechwood woods, the growth of only one kind of tree was favoured through continuous cleaning and cutting.
Wild boar
Today the territory is changing quickly.
Listening to what inhabitants say about our villages let us understand how many changes have occurred: ample pastures and ample cultivated zones had been taken away from the wood that today is regaining what belonged to it.
This return to a "natural"  and spontaneous habitat  has certainly a strong effect on the animal population. The number of  species has grown , although we need to wait longer to get certain and significant data. There is the possibility of a natural restocking of species once disappeared as is the case of the wild boar. It was on our mountains up to the '700 and it disappeared after merciless hunting. The restocking initiated a few years ago, from the extreme western regions of  Liguria and from the South of France. Nowadays its presence is wide and the animal is hunted for many months of the year.
The presence of the wolf was pointed out until 1850. Its disappearance coincided with the period in which these zones had to bear the biggest demographic weight, in the second half of last century.
Before that era we have a few news about the fauna that populated this area.
Among the birds, belonging to the family of the predatory, one can find the buzzard (Buteo buteo) pften perched on trees close to the wood borders, the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) that you can observe for a long time, by the fast wingbeat, motionless in the sky. Also one can find the sparrow-hawk  (Accipiter nisus) and the pern (Pernis apivorus). Jays are numerous, often with a fruit of oak in their beak, darting fast.
Near watercoursed the most frequent species are the dipper (Cinclus cinclus), the killdeer (Charadrius dubius), the white wagtail and yellow wagtail (Motacilla alba and Motacilla flava) and the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Specimens of red grouse (Alectoris rufa)  are decreasing because of the progressive lack of cultivable areas. The green woodpeckers (Picus viridis) are numerous.
Fallow deer
Among the mammals of bigger size, we have had the restocking of fallow deer (Dame dame), along with the wild boar, and in certain zones the roes are restocking too (Capreolus capreolus). There are also the fox (Canis vulpes), the  badger (Meles meles), the beech-marten (Martes foina) and the weasel (Mustela nivalis). The squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), the dormouse (Glis glis) and the dormouse (Muscardinus avellinarius) are typical inhabitant of the woods. More uncertain is the polecat presence (Putorius putorius) while at night one can easily encounter the hare (Lepus europaeus).
Clean and still watercourses are populated by the fario trout (Salmo trutta fario)  and by the “vairone” (Telestes souffia muticellus) that, even more than trouts, prefers clear and not polluted waters. Towards the valley, where water draft is less impetuous, the barbels  (Barbus plebejus) and the chubs (Leuciscus genei) abound.
The amphibians are often unnoticed or not taken into consideration, reason being they live in hardly-accessible places, they are not pleasant at sight and they are quite rare. Actually their shapes and colours are extremely interesting, sometimes gorgeous. Other rare animals are   the Appennine newt (Triturus alpestris apuanus), the salamander (Salamandra salamandra), the spectacled little salamander (Salamandrina terdigitata), the geonewt (Hydromantes italicus), an endemism of  Northern Appennine. Among anoura, typical of mountainous areas are the Appennine frog  (Rana Greca) and the mountain frog (Rana temporaria) that  lives at an altitude higher than 1200 mt. The Appennine frog has its extreme northern widespread limit in this area.
Among the reptiles, besides the common viper (Viper aspis), a non common species has been pointed out, the  viper snake (Natrix maura).
The future will perhaps reserve us some surprises, some other species could appear and , in a recovered natural habitat, some other might come back to these places.

(Extract from the volume "An island on the mountains" by Fabrizio Capecchi, Croma Edizioni 1990)